Back Pain

Back pain is a common condition that can result from various factors, including muscle strain, ligament sprain, disc herniation, spinal stenosis, arthritis, or other structural issues in the spine. It can range from mild discomfort to severe and debilitating pain, affecting daily activities and quality of life.

Regenerative therapies, such as Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy and Prolotherapy, offer potential benefits for managing certain types of back pain:

PRP therapy may help alleviate back pain by promoting the healing of injured muscles, ligaments, or discs in the spine. It can also improve spinal stability and function, leading to reduced pain and improved mobility.

Prolotherapy can strengthen and stabilise the structures of the spine, including ligaments and tendons, which may help alleviate back pain. It can also improve joint function and reduce inflammation, leading to pain relief and improved mobility.

back pain

Back Conditions PRP and Prolotherapy Can Treat

Facet joint arthropathy, also known as facet joint osteoarthritis, is a degenerative condition that affects the small joints located between adjacent vertebrae in the spine, called facet joints. These joints facilitate movement and provide stability to the spine. Facet joint arthropathy occurs when the cartilage that covers the surfaces of the facet joints wears down over time, leading to pain, inflammation, stiffness, and reduced mobility in the affected area of the spine.

Several factors can contribute to the development of facet joint arthropathy, including aging, wear and tear on the spine, repetitive stress, injury, or degenerative changes in the spine’s structures.

Symptoms of facet joint arthropathy may include:

  1. Localised back pain: Pain typically occurs on one side of the spine and may be felt in the lower back (lumbar region) or the neck (cervical region), depending on the location of the affected facet joints.
  2. Stiffness: Reduced flexibility and stiffness in the spine, particularly after periods of inactivity or prolonged sitting or standing.
  3. Radiating pain: Pain may radiate from the spine into the buttocks, hips, or thighs, mimicking symptoms of sciatica.
  4. Pain with movement: Pain exacerbated by certain movements or positions, such as twisting, bending backward, or leaning to the side.
  5. Joint tenderness: The affected facet joints may be tender to the touch, particularly over the bony protrusions of the spine.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy or Prolotherapy may help stimulate tissue repair and reduce pain in some cases of facet joint arthropathy.

Nerve compression syndromes in the back can cause pain, tingling, numbness, and weakness due to pressure on spinal nerves. This compression can result from various conditions like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or degenerative changes in the spine.

PRP therapy may help improve the condition of damaged tissues, such as herniated discs or degenerated spinal joints, thereby reducing pressure on compressed nerves. It can also help alleviate pain and promote nerve healing.

Prolotherapy can strengthen and stabilise the structures around the spine, reducing excessive movement and pressure on the nerves. It can also promote tissue repair and reduce pain associated with nerve compression syndromes.

Ligamentous injuries in the back refer to damage or strain to the ligaments that support the spine. Ligaments are tough, fibrous bands of tissue that connect bones to other bones and help stabilize the spine. When these ligaments are injured, it can lead to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility in the affected area.


Causes of ligamentous injuries in the back may include:

  1. Trauma: Accidents, falls, or sudden impacts can cause stretching or tearing of the ligaments in the spine.
  2. Overuse: Repetitive movements or activities that place excessive stress on the back, such as heavy lifting or improper lifting techniques, can lead to ligament strain over time.
  3. Poor Posture: Prolonged sitting or standing in awkward positions can strain the ligaments of the spine, contributing to injury and pain.
  4. Degenerative Changes: Aging, wear and tear, and degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis can weaken the ligaments and make them more susceptible to injury.


Symptoms of ligamentous injuries in the back may include:

  1. Pain: Pain in the affected area of the spine, which may be dull, achy, or sharp in nature.
  2. Stiffness: Reduced flexibility and range of motion in the spine, especially after periods of inactivity or upon waking in the morning.
  3. Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the injured ligaments, particularly in acute cases of injury.
  4. Instability: Feeling of instability or weakness in the spine, especially during certain movements or activities.
  5. Limited Mobility: Difficulty bending, twisting, or performing normal daily activities due to pain and stiffness.


PRP therapy can enhance the healing process of damaged ligaments, strengthen the supporting structures of the spine, and alleviate pain associated with ligamentous injuries.

Prolotherapy can strengthen and stabilise the ligaments in the back, improving spinal stability and reducing pain. It can also promote tissue repair and enhance overall function in individuals with ligamentous injuries.